613 Torah Laws List

Although the number 613 is mentioned in the Talmud, its true meaning increased in later medieval rabbinical literature, including many works that listed or ordered mitzvot. The most famous of these was a list of Maimonides` 613 commandments. This list is printed from the Book Bible Basics, a user-friendly and illustrated reference book to the Five Books of Moses. (Published by International Traditions Corporation, Jerome S. Hahn, Editor-in-Chief.) There is not a single definitive list that explains the 613 commandments. The lists differ, for example, in how they interpret passages of the Torah that can be read to deal with multiple cases under a single law or several separate laws. Other “commandments” in the Torah are limited as one-off acts and would not be considered “mitzvot” that bind other people. In rabbinic literature, Rishonim and later scholars wrote to articulate and justify their enumeration of the commandments:[17] The following is a brief list of the 613 commandments (mitzvot) as recorded and classified by Maimonides in the 12th century. This list comes from his classic collection of Jewish law, the “Mishne Torah,” which contains 14 “books” or primary sections.

Rabbinic support for the number of commandments, which is 613, is not without contradiction. For example, Ben Azzai noted that there are 300 positive mitzvot. [11] Although the number prevailed, difficulties arose in explaining the list. Some rabbis explained that this census was not an authentic tradition or that it was logically not possible to create a systematic count. No early work of Jewish law or biblical commentary depended on the 613 system, and no early system of Jewish principles of faith made the acceptance of this aggadah (non-legal Talmudic statement) normative. A number of classical authorities have denied that it is normative: 1. Knowing that there is a God. (Exodus 20:2) 2.

Having no other gods. (Exodus 20:3) 3. Know that He is one. (Deuteronomy 6:4) 4. Love him. (Deuteronomy 6:5) 5. Fear it. (Deuteronomy 10:20) 6. Sanctify His name.

(Leviticus 22:32) 7. Do not desecrate His name. (Leviticus 22:32) 8. Worship Him as He commanded, and not destroy sacred objects. (Deuteronomy 12:4) 9. Listen to the true prophet. (Deuteronomy 18:15)10. Do not test the prophet. (Deuteronomy 6:16)11. To imitate his mannerisms. (Deuteronomy 28:9)12. To be with those who only worship Him.

(Deuteronomy 10:20)13. Love your neighbor as yourself. (Leviticus 19:18)14. Loving is converted. (Deuteronomy 10:19)15. Don`t hate your brother in your heart. (Leviticus 19:17)16. To reprimand your brother if necessary. (Leviticus 19:17)17.

Do not embarrass others. (Leviticus 19:17)18. Do not remove the weak. (Exodus 22:21)19. Do not be slandered. (Leviticus 19:16)20. Do not take revenge. (Leviticus 19:18)21. Don`t blame it. (Leviticus 19:18)22. Teach your children the Torah. (Deuteronomy 6:7)23.

Respect and submit to the elders. (Leviticus 19:32)24. Do not turn to the ways of idolatry. (Leviticus 19:4)25. Let the fringes of your clothes remind you to behave purely. (Numbers 15:39)26. Do not blaspheme or curse a judge. (Exodus 22:27).27 Do not worship idols.

(Exodus 20:5).28 Do not bow to idols. (Exodus 20:5)29. Do not make an idol. (Exodus 20:4)30. Do not take or throw away a photo. (Leviticus 19:4)31. Do not make gods out of silver or gold. (Exodus 20:20)32. Do not make a popular idolatry. (Exodus 23:13)33. Destroy a city that has turned to idolatry.

(Deuteronomy 13:17)34. Not to rebuild this city. (Deuteronomy 13:17)35. In order not to enjoy this city. (Deuteronomy 13:18)36. Do not proselytize to a person with idolatry. (Deuteronomy 13:12)37. Not loving the missionary.

(Deuteronomy 13:9)38. Don`t stop hating him. (Deuteronomy 13:9)39. Not to save him. (Deuteronomy 13:9)40. Do not speak in his defense. (Deuteronomy 13:9)41. Do not give up on overwhelming him. (Deuteronomy 13:9)42. Do not prophesy in idolatry. (Deuteronomy 18:20)43. Ignoring the false prophet.

(Deuteronomy 13:4).44 Do not prophesy falsely in the name of God. (Deuteronomy 18:20)45. Don`t be afraid to kill a false prophet. (Deuteronomy 18:22)46. Never swear in the name of an idol. (Exodus 23:13)47. Do not appear or recognize as those who claim to channel minds. (Leviticus 19:31)48. Do not act or consult as a fortune teller.

(Leviticus 19:31)49. Do not burn your children in a sacrificial fire for Molech. (Leviticus 18:21)50. Do not erect a stone column in a public place of worship. (Deuteronomy 16:22)51. Do not build an idol or bow on a smooth stone for worship. (Leviticus 26:1)52. Do not plant a tree as a sacred issue.

(Deuteronomy 16:21)53. Destroy idols, their accessories and the places where they were worshipped. (Deuteronomy 12:2)54. Do not enjoy idols or bring home abominations. (Deuteronomy 7:26)55. Do not benefit from the gold and silver accessories of the idols. (Deuteronomy 7:25)56. Do not make alliances with the Canaanites or their gods. (Deuteronomy 7:2)57. Don`t do them any favours. (Deuteronomy 7:2)58.

Don`t let them live in your country. (Exodus 23:33)59. Do not imitate their customs and clothes. (Leviticus 20:23)60. Do not be superstitious. (Leviticus 19:26)61. Do not induce a trance yourself, anticipate events or tolerate fortune tellers. (Deuteronomy 18:10)62.

Do not deal with astrology. (Leviticus 19:26)63. Not to mention incantations or spells. (Deuteronomy 18:11)64. Do not try to contact the dead. (Deuteronomy 18:11)65. Do not consult the media. (Deuteronomy 18:11)66. Do not talk to assistants.

(Deuteronomy 18:11)67. Don`t do magic. (Deuteronomy 18:10)68. So as not to cut your hair at the temples. (Leviticus 19:27)69. Do not shave your beard. (Leviticus 19:27)70. Men are not allowed to wear women`s clothing. (Deuteronomy 22:5)71.

Women are not allowed to wear men`s clothing. (Deuteronomy 22:5)72. Do not tattoo your skin. (Leviticus 19:28)73. Do not tear your skin for idolatry or sorrow. (Deuteronomy 14:1)74. Do not shave your head in mourning. (Deuteronomy 14:1)75.

Evildoers must correct their ways and confess them before God. (Numbers 5:7)76. Recite the central prayers twice a day and always study the Torah wherever you are. (Deuteronomy 6:7)77. Serve God through prayer. (Exodus 23:25)78. The priests who are the sons of Aaron must bless the nation. (Numbers 6:23)79.